Competition Law And Consumer Welfare

An Overview Of Competition (Amendment) Bill, 2020

Amrusha Sengupta_JudicateMe


This Blog is written by Amrusha Sengupta from Adamas University (School of Law and Justice) Barasat. Edited by Ujjawal Vaibhav Agrahari.



Globalization did have a great impact on the Competition which is prevalent in today’s market. Promotion of effective competition helps the firm to increase its efficiency, as a result of this consumers at large are benefited, with more productivity the firms can provide more options to the consumers. If there is no competition in the market, the market becomes stagnant.

Competition in the market means sellers are independently striving for buyers to maximize their profits, the buyer will buy a product which shall maximize his benefit and a seller sells a product at a price which shall maximize his profits.

In India, the Competition Laws are regulated by the Competition Act, 2002. Recently certain changes have been proposed in the said Act in the year 2020 the Competition (Amendment) Bill 2020 is yet to become an Act.

Some key changes that have been proposed by the Competition (Amendment) Bill, 2020

The Ministry of Corporate Affairs along with the Competition Law Review has presented a report in August 2019 thereafter the Competition Amendment Bill 2020 was issued in February 2020 which has put forward certain changes in the Present Act.

The Following Changes are-

1. To Introduce a Governing Body- Section 8 (1A) of the Competition Act, 2002 will be amended and a governing body will work along with the Competition Commission of India. This body shall also make rules with regard to the matters related to competition and shall also administer the affairs of the Commission. The Body shall consist of The Chairperson of Competition  Commission of India, 6 whole-time members, The Secretary of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance or his nominee, Secretary of Ministry of Corporate Affairs, and his nominee, 4 part-time members nominated by the Central Government.

2. Expansion of the Definition of Cartels- Section 2(c) of the Competition Act, 2002 will now include buyers cartels as well prior to this cartel only included sellers, distributors, traders or service providers.

3. Extending the Intellectual Property Right defense to abuse of dominance- As per Section 4(A) of the Act, the rights of IPR holders to restrain infringement or impose reasonable conditions necessary to protect IPR Rights have been proposed to be exempted from the Act that prescribes abuse of dominance.

4. The definition of Control as laid down under Section 5 of the Act has been widened and “control” under this Act shall also include “ Material Influence” of any manner.

5. Section 16(1) of This Act has been proposed to be amended. The Appointment of Director was done by the Central Government, initially but now it will be done by the Competition Commission of India.

6. When a penalty is to impose by the Competition Commission of India, around 25 percent or less has to be mandatorily deposited before filing an appeal before the appellate tribunal this is as per Section 53 B (2) of the Competition Commission of India.

7. The powers of the Director-General has been extended, his powers will now extend to parties under investigation. He also has the power to call for any books and records; he can examine on oath the agents of the party under investigation.

8. Calculation of turnoverThe Amendment has proposed that calculation of turnover of an enterprise shall exclude intra group sales and indirect taxes. It shall also exclude trade discounts and all amounts generated through assets or Businesses out of India and from Customers outside India.


As of now, these changes have been proposed in the form of a Bill, it has not come as a law thus at this stage it is very difficult to assess its impact in the market. Every change comes with an objective to perform better and shall benefit a large group, these changes up to some extent can help the competition regime in India. The increased scrutiny over mergers can be very helpful in increasing the efficiency of the firms. The Calculations of the amended turnovers can also be very helpful for the firms in terms of profits. As of now, it’s very difficult to assess the impact.


The Amendment has proposed the formation of a governing body, however no person from the judiciary has been recommended for its membership, The Competition Commission of India to does not have any member from the judiciary, in my opinion, a member from the judiciary must be there in any one of the two bodies, as judiciary’s help will be required at various stage of interpretation a law or a policy, having no member from the judiciary is one of the loopholes in the proposed Bill.

Prior the proposal made in the Bill the Director-General was always appointed by the Central Government, but now he will be appointed by the Competition Commission of India, this change was not at all required, in my opinion, The Central Government being at a dominant position should have been involved in the appointment of Director-General.

The Draft did not propose for a Competition Appellate Tribunal, matters regarding Competition laws will still be heard at the Company law Appellate Tribunal this is again one of the major drawbacks of this Bill.


Every law has its own set of advantages and disadvantages. Whether the proposed changes are beneficial or not will only be known once the Bill becomes an Act and these changes are implemented. The Bill has certain loopholes, but its main objective is to achieve efficiency and increase the productivity of the market competition.


(1) Draft Competition (Amendment) Bill 2020: How life may change for Tech Firms,

(2) Analysis of Draft Competition (Amendment) Bill, 2020 .

(3) A look at the Draft ( Competition) Amendment Bill, 2020, com

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