Encountering Fake News In India_JudicateMe

Encountering Fake News In India

Vedika Ghai_JudicateMe


This Blog is written by Vedika Ghai from Symbiosis Law School, NoidaEdited by Harsh Sonbhadra.



The trends of fake news have been present since the very beginning of the media but in this age of social media and internet, it has found its application and has seeped into the system so deep that the general public is used to believe in such unclarified news reports. There certainly is the manipulation of the various algorithms of the media and the search engines in order to reach a much larger audience and in the end misleads the news consumers. It is observed as a global trend now. Fake video clips, stories flashed as news articles bearing morphed media logos, various bots, paid audience, and commentators for fairly favourable online reputation have certainly become very public.


• It may be noted that India has the highest number of selfie deaths (person dying while trying to take a selfie) in the world (76 deaths out of 127 reported globally between March 2014 and September 2016).

• The continuous spread of disinformation and misinformation in the media is turning into a grave social challenge. It is prompting the unsuitable atmosphere on the web and causing mob-lynching out and around.

• In the age of the web (Facebook, Twitter, WhatsApp,) it is a difficult and serious issue as gossip, rumours, morphed or transformed pictures, misleading content sources, roused stories, unsubstantiated data, planted stories for different interests spread effectively among the 35 crore web surfers in India.

• There have been numerous examples of online gossip and rumours resulting in the killings of honest individuals. Sometimes, the ministers have deleted tweets in the wake of understanding the phony news which they shared before on the web.

• WhatsApp is the platform in India generally prone to fake news. Many Indians (a huge rate is uneducated) utilizing portable web innocently sending ‘Good Morning’ messages each day are viewed as generally prone to such fake news.

• In the Karnataka Assembly Elections of 2018, fake news about opponent parties and candidates upcoming in the electoral had overwhelmed the media.

• It may not be by accident that India has the most elevated number of deaths because of the selfie on the planet “(76 deaths out of 127 announced all-inclusive between Walk 2014 and September 2016)” [1]. The use and abuse of the internet still remains a concern.

• Talking in the setting of COVID-19, counterfeit news about non-veggie lover food, especially how devouring chicken could prompt the COVID-19 contamination. This bogus news, which spread quickly, made huge harm to the poultry business the same number of individuals quit devouring the meat. The falsehood brought about many poultry ranchers separating chickens worth crores of rupees, or sometimes set them free. From one solid gauge, chicken ranchers caused a stunning Rs 2,000 crore misfortune because of phony bits of gossip.

• Yet, the most dangerous turn in India’s fake news epidemic is concerning a flood of fake news that depicted an entire community as a vector of disease. In the wake of the controversial congregation of Islamic missionary Tablighi Jamaat in mid-March in Delhi’s Nizamuddin leading to a huge spike in positive cases across many parts of India, several fake videos began spreading over WhatsApp and other social media platforms depicting the group as “Corona Villains.” A prominent video which claimed that some Muslims from Indonesia at Salem mosque in Tamil Nadu were deliberately licking kitchen items to “intentionally spread the novel coronavirus” was debunked by fact-checking site AltNews, which attributed the old video to the Dawoodi Bohra community licking the utensils to ensure that not even a single grain of food was wasted.


Government of West Bengal in India is thinking about making enactment planned for rebuffing purveyors of online misinformation — explicitly doctored photos.

The Economic Times detailed in mid-June 2018 that West Bengal authorities need to explain how the state could moreover prosecute the publication of deception. As of now, residents can be imprisoned in the state for posting misinformation on the chance that it causes dread or caution in the general population.

Notwithstanding and supporting existing law, West Bengal has been setting up a database of phony reports circulated via web-based networking media in recent years. It has likewise tracked past guilty parties, The Times reported.

The endeavours come amid rising pressures concerning the misinformation in India. Gossips and rumours on information platforms like WhatsApp Messenger have allegedly prompted brutality in the nation and the national government itself has attempted to give hostile to fake news rules in the past.

In October, Wired announced that the Indian government had switched the web off on the internet more than 100 times over the previous year to suppress the spread of gossip and rumour on WhatsApp. In 2018, the worldwide charitable access presently documented 134 web shutdowns in India, and an investigation done at Stanford found that 47% of these occurred in the politically turbulent northern territory of Jammu and Kashmir.

Shutdowns differ from all-out web power outages to hindering portable web speed, and they’re regularly requested by nearby governments trying to stop the spread of bogus bits of gossip on WhatsApp and control open turmoil.

The shutdowns have cost the nation billions of dollars and are more in number than in any other nation, as indicated by Freedom House. Some examination likewise proposes that these are ineffective and that misinformation, political turbulent revolting despite everything happen during shutdowns.

In December, the Ministry of Electronics and Information discharged draft changes to the Income Tax Act, 2000 that would require internet-based life stages to begin following the originators of messages when constrained by the legislature. The exertion is planned for checking the spread of unlawful content matter and misinformation on stages like WhatsApp.


There is no particular law against fake news in India. Free publication of news streams because of Article 19 of the Indian Constitution ensuring the right to speak freely of discourse.

Press Council of India, an administrative body, can caution, scold or rebuke the paper, the news office, the supervisor, or the columnist or oppose the direction of the editorial manager or the writer if it finds that a paper or a news organization has disregarded journalistic morals.

News Broadcasters Association (NBA) speaks to the private TV news and current issues supporters. The self-administrative body tests grievances against electronic media.

Indian Broadcasting Foundation (IBF) additionally investigates the objections against substance disclosed by channels.

Broadcasting Content Complaint Council (BCCC) concedes grievances against television supporters for questionable television substance and phony news.

Indian Penal Code, 1860 has certain areas that could control fake news: Sections 153 (wantonly giving incitement to cause revolt) and 295 (harming or polluting spot of love with the aim to affront the religion of any class) can be conjured to prepare for fake news.

Section 66 in The Information Technology Act, 2000: If any individual, unscrupulously or falsely, do any demonstration alluded to in section 43 (harm to PC, PC framework), he will be culpable with detainment for a term which may reach out to three years or with fine which may stretch out to five lakh rupees or with both.

Civil or Criminal Case for Defamation is another retreat against fake news for people and gatherings hurt by the phony news. IPC sections 499 (defamation) and 500 (whoever criticizes another will be rebuffed with basic detainment for a term which may stretch out to two years, or with fine, or with both) accommodate a slander suit.


On 2 April 2018, the administration corrected the ‘Rules for Accreditation of Writers’, to handle fake news across media by accommodating the dropping of accreditation of columnists even before the finishing of proposed 15-days request.

It was pulled back in fifteen hours after fights by media for being dictator. Note that India’s rank is 136 out of 180 nations on the planet Press Opportunity Record (2017).

The Rajiv Gandhi government likewise needed to pull back 1988 Maligning Bill planned for abridging press opportunity. In the wake of Bofors and other defilement revealing in media, the bill tried to make new offenses of ‘criminal ascription’ and ‘profane works’.


Fake news is regularly made and circled for increasing discretionary money and political additions. Regularly government’s gathering and offices (through the undisclosed acquisition of political advertisements and IT cells) might be included. It is a rising pattern seen in numerous nations drove by China and Russia where web control and other forms of control are exceptionally high.

Any future enactment to check fake news should consider the entire picture and not accuse the media and go for automatic responses; in this time of new media, anybody can make and flow new for undisclosed advantages.

Controlling fake news is a precarious issue: not controlling trolls could prompt national and universal flimsiness while doing a lot to control it could hurt the majority rule government.

Countering content control and phony news to re-establish confidence in online networking without sabotaging web and media opportunity will require government-funded instruction, fortifying of guidelines, and exertion of tech organizations to make reasonable calculations for news curation.

Italy, for instance, has tentatively included ‘perceiving fake news’ in the school schedule. India ought to likewise truly underscore cybersecurity, web instruction, fake news training in the scholarly educational plan at all levels.


[1] https://www.drishtiias.com/pdf/1584990847-the-problem-of-fake-news-in-india-issues-concerns-and-regulation.pdf (referred as dated 14th June 2020)

36 Thoughts to “Encountering Fake News In India”

  1. Rohit Minocha

    Well said.

  2. Rohit Minocha

    Well said

  3. Saurav Malhotra

    Well Written..!!

  4. Vedika Ghai

    Thankyouu so much ????????

  5. Puneet Anand

    Showcasing The Hidden Facts Leading To The Truth Matters , Very Informative … Well Done Kudos To You ????????????

  6. Priyesh

    Amazing work vedikaaa????❤️

  7. Aditi jain


  8. Kartik

    Great…a very informative article. We could even have short courses to educate and spread awareness amongst people…..Thanks

  9. Nikhil A Malik

    Very good article ????

  10. dishant vohra

    keep it up well written????????????????

    1. Shruti Badgayan

      Well presented ????????

  11. Danish Ghai

    Very well said

  12. Shipra Mantri

    Well described Vedika..

  13. Tanish Rawat

    This article will help in spreading awareness on fake news. Keep it up!!!!

  14. Dattatri k

    Well said. ????✌️

  15. Priyanshu Chauhan

    Well said????

  16. Well said!! Good job…

  17. Sandeep Murada

    Well done very well researched and presented very informative.

  18. Sahil

    Showing the hidden facts We need more articles like this Good one

    1. Jyoti

      Great article or Excellent presentation ????????

  19. Sahil

    I don’t read Much but this was awesome you covered each point really nicely Good going

  20. Rishika Trehan

    Very well articulated !!!

  21. Rajni verma

    Well said……????????

  22. Payal wats

    Amazing work????????

  23. Jasneet kaur

    Nicely articulated

  24. Rohan

    Well said!????????????


    Very informative….. keep going

  26. Ekta Trehan

    And that’s how you unfold the ugly truth! Well done


    Well done Vedika…god bless you

  28. Surbhi Jain

    Quite an eye opener. Good work. All the best

  29. Rahul joshi

    Goood work,????

  30. vijayan bhaskaran

    Well written, very informative. Vedhika Keep up the good work .

  31. Aarti

    Very well written ????

  32. Meenakshi Dua

    very nicely written, keep it up!

  33. Garvit

    Amazing vedika????

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