What more needs to be done to improve the effectiveness of the current Intellectual Property Laws in India?

Promita Ghosh


This Blog is written by Promita Ghosh from ICFAI University, Dehradun (Department of law)Edited by Pranoy Singhla.



Intellectual Property Rights are lawful rights governing the utilization of constructing of the human mind. The identification and preservation of these rights is of current origin. trademarks, Patents and designs are recognized as industrial property. According to International protocol for the preservation of industrial the safeguarding of industrial assets has as its focus trademarks, utility models, service marks, geographical indications, patents, industrial designs, trade names, indications of source or appellations or origin and the repression of unfair competition when copyrights, layout Designs and confidential information were incorporate to industrial property, entirely they become intellectual property.[1]

“Intellectual property is the oil of the 21st century” says Mr. Mark Getty, the originator of Getty images. Intellectual Property can exactly enclose all from a production method to product bring out timetable, a trading untold such as a chemical technique, or a record of countries where the distinct patents are authorized. The endorsed theory of intellectual property (IP) as per World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) it is “creations of the mind — inventions, literary and artistic works, symbols, names, images and designs used in commerce.”

From brand name and logo to service, products and processes that the company provide, intellectual property can enfold a broad area of topics[2]. An organisation is leap to accept deprivation when these convictions are used without their authorization.

nearly all company has absolutely made the most via internet, which allows services, goods and marketing messages to extend a huge viewer at an affordable price – but it has also elevated the threat of intellectual property violation. This eventually construct the safeguarding of Intellectual Property classified among the most major activity to do in today’s business sphere.


Following are the finest ways to safeguard your intellectual property rights:

• Apply for Trademarks, Patents, and Copyrights

Companies can safeguard their key administration and R&D operations via IPR and registrations, and as well as have a preferable dealing bearing for counter-claim and cross-licensing. IPR and registrations as well as permits a corporation to cut-off challenging goods, scare off latest entrants, and cover the means for future market share through technological evolution.

Intellectual property rights come in a diversity, for which each one is a preventive right to prosecute if a third party violates.

• Never Stop Innovating

As well as plagiarism will be an issue in most industries. At one point, this describes why inventiveness makes such speedy transformation vault. Your competitor could never be able to snatch up to you if you have limitless creativity leaps thus your business will run and develop.

• Arrange Some Evidence While Innovating

As well as different occurrences where competitor absorb about an invention from emanate and seek for a patent citing and acknowledge as their own thus, you’ll have to give evidence and show that you’re the legal owner as a result of it now. This can be consummate by keeping a log of prove that deed the evolution of intellectual property rights (such as, dated and signed copies of drawings and drafts).

• Get the Intellectual Property Infringers Punished

keep patent and trademark pledge and implement your rights by disclosing infringement and fix a charge violator where the business condition needed it.

• Avoid Joint Ownership for Intellectual Property Rights 

It is always helpful for you to have control over your rights. During long run, joint ownership of such rights can create uncertainty and lawful affairs forbidding the safety of these assets, causing injury to all parties mixed up.

• Create Awareness Among Your Employees Regarding Intellectual Property Security

An IP safety policy that depends individually on firewalls and copyrights while pass over employee understanding and preparation is cursed to cut out.[3]

Most of the time, intellectual property gets spill from a company through fault or slip of tongue or by inability of the worker. Work out that the workers are aware of the methods in which they can accidentally disclose IP.

• Get Exactly-Matching Domain Names

This way is one of the best IP safeguarding strategies for copyright and trademark. however, it may be a bit costly, but have a long-term profit.

• Think Like Someone Who Would Violate Your IP Rights

Always try to spy your business this will help you protect all the strategies and innovation you make on your own ways thus; you will know before someone try to infringe your IP rights.

• Make Sure the IP is Owned in a Way that Allows Further Development

Register your IPR in a method that permit you to develop whenever needed. If you find something different and best or new, when employed as an employee (for example, for a corporation), the contract would almost surely have a clause respect to it.

• Draft Strong Non-Disclosure Agreements

During the drafting of non-disclosure lawful provisions, always get some assist from a legal trustee as it need to be understandable and succinct and make definite about all the documents or contracts you utilise in your company that safeguard your IPR.

• Publish It Wherever Possible and With Attribution

It is always best being the “first to apply” for a patent in the UAE and the secure way to safeguard your non-trade untold IP. Apart from this, another easy method to secure that your IP is acknowledge as your own is to issue and cite it considerably, always creating confident that your company’s name is chalk up to wherever it is set down. The more people who watch your intellectual property virtually, the more support your Patent can get.

This are some effective ways I mentioned above there are more ways like safeguard Your IP with well-built Approach Control, recognise Where Your IP Is, and Where It’s progress, implementing safety methods, keep it quiet and away from observation etc.


Now government has gotten hold off different move to enlarge productivity in procedure of Intellectual Property implementation, bring liquidity and circulation of details to improve the Intellectual Property Rights rules.

The Department of Industrial Policy and Planning, under the industry Ministry and commerce mention that it has lay hold of some course of action such as formation of supplementary posts to lessen labour pool scarcity and giving price modification for MSMEs to uplift them to initiate.

To renovate the management, for patents and design 1,033 and 666 posts have been made and for trademark and Geographical Indicators 367 posts at different level.

Patent and trademarks are look into and being grasp on contract to allocate with the accumulation and recruitment is undertaken to look up into[4]. Along with this it is said online filling and null provision for patent and trademark inquiry were inaugurated and e-filers are permitted to utilize credit and debit cards and web banking to pay charges.

The facility of online banking and using of credit and debit card for over 70 banks for payment of fees were given to e-filers for all forms. That why web filing bound from 30 to 80 percent in totally one year. The original time position of IP applications and e-register is currently open for the citizen MSMEs to rise the lucidity and circulation of data. And also, a 50 percent fee cutback has been delivered to boost for innovation and look for safeguard.

Mr. Arun Jately has delivered a current and revamping IPR policy that look up to boost inventive and reform ingress to environmental safeguard, healthcare protection, food access, and security.


The Patent (Amendment) Rules 2016, target at conducting in extra systematic and speedy accomplishment of applications. The Indian Patents Rules, 2003 has been amended by method of Patents (Amendment) Rules, 2016. It came into effect on May 16, 2016. Now amendment is considerable, and can surely have an impact on the patent filing and commission strategy, among different things. Underneath points are extremely important in the situation of the latest IPR rules.

Earlier the amendment, Indian jurisdiction acknowledged three types of applicants, i.e., natural persons, small entity and other than the little entity[5]. Under the recent regulation, the fourth type of candidate called start-up actually being identified and definite advantage are being delivered to start-up. An entity will be contemplating a start-up as lengthy as the underneath circumstances are met by the operation.

The operation has to be a Private Limited company (as defined in the Companies Act, 2013), or under section 59 of the Partnership Act, 1932 registered partnership firm registered or a limited liability partnership under the Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2002. After-all the date of enrolment or incorporation of the operation. Coming and going in some of the financial year shall not be more than INR Twenty-Five crores.

The operation should not have been set-up by reformation of business so far in existing or dividing up. One more principal amendment is with regard to national period filing in India. Earlier aforesaid amendment, the Indian national order appeal was needed to be classified as it is at the PCT phase. For numerous occurrences, applicants desired to classify Indian National stage application with bring down declare to save on charges or for further cause but not authorised to do so. This is at present only after the latest amendment, a suppliant can take out contention while filing national stage application in India.

Further one more prime amendment is with regard to the time span inside which the suppliant need to set the suppliant in span in place of the allow one time the test report is furnished by the patent centre. Additionally, to the amendment, once the patent centre provides a test record, the applicant had one year to interrelate with the patent office and place the application in sequence for accord. The recent amendment has lessened the time span from one year to six months, with a recourse of a three months adjunct.

After amending the regulation, it is clear that, government appear to set on to uplift the IP ecosystem in India. There are two dissimilar intensions from the latest amendments are to uplift the small companies and start-up to file extra patents and lessen the deadline and needless course of action in the line of patent pursuit. Thus, these changes will shortly show a productive and effective result regarding the well-being of both, National interest in IPRs and IPR industry in India.


India’s national intellectual property regime (IPR) policy announcement was a “good first step”, but the country requires to inscription the holes in it to engage more foreign direct investment and global talent, a US industry representative said.

Patrick Kilbride, executive of commerce’s Global Intellectual Property Centre told PTI the government of India to accompany through desire such as guiding entrepreneurs about IP rights, smooth-running IP registration procedures and assist IP licensing instrumentation. Even the representative of the American Industry said on IP policies that this political confrontation is what government administrator must control to resume investing in IP and manage India’s recent probable for new-fangled development and up-value job establishment.[6] In its current form, it does not entirely discourse structural examine in respect of patent qualification, plus for computer-related inventions and up to date form and usage of bio-pharmaceutical products thus, section 3 (d) of the patent act; official data safeguarding; reconstruction of copyright laws and suitable civil and criminal remedies for IP violation to issue a deterrent-level of execution.


(1) https://www.nap.edu/read/2054/chapter/20

(2) https://abounaja.com/blogs/protect-intellectual-property

(3) https://www.mondaq.com/india/trademark/654712/intellectual-property-laws-in-india-everything-you-must-know

(4) https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/trips_e/intel1_e.htm

(5) https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/policy/indias-ipr-policy-a-good-first-step-needs-to-address-gaps/articleshow/58654934.cms?from=mdr

(6) https://yourstory.com/mystory/32ca30bf72-indian-government-is-t/amp

(7) https://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/dipp-enlists-steps-taken-to-improve-india-s-ipr-regime-115071300507_1.html

(8) http://www.legalservicesindia.com/article/1742/Intellectual-Property-Rights-in-India.html

In-text citations:

[1] (Dalmia, 20217).

[2] (Intellectual Property Rights in India).

[3] (19 Different Ways to Protect Intellectual Property, 2021).

[4] (DIPP enlists steps taken to improve India’s IPR regime, 2015).

[5] (Jha, 2018).

[6] (‘India’s IPR policy a good first step, needs to address gaps, 2017).

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